Thursday, October 30, 2014

Lomonosov Moscow State University is a university in Moscow, Russia. Founded in 1755, it is named in honor of its founder, Mikhail Lomonosov.

It is one of the "Seven Sisters" (as they are called in the West, and as "Stalin's Skyscraper's" in Russia), seven massive skyscrapers built on what was then the outskirts of Moscow in between 1948 and 1955. Today, it is about halfway between the center of Moscow and its outskirts.

The building was designed by Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev in a style that combined Russky Modern (a local interpretation of Art Nouveau) and Russian Baroque. The building and its campus are on a hill about 250 feet above the level of the Moscow River. The tower has 36 stories, and is 787 feet high. The 187-foot spire is topped by a red star surrounded by ears of wheat. This metal structure weighs 12 tons, and is 30 feet across. It contains a small room and a viewing platform.

The main tower is flanked by two 18-story wings. A series of setbacks drop the height to just eight stories in the wings. The three wings are each topped by a clock, a barometer, and a thermometer, and were the world's largest when completed. Numerous statues does the walls, cornice line, and courtyards outside the building.

Construction began in 1949 and ended in 1953.

Moscow State University contains 5,000 rooms. The main structure features a 1,500-seat auditorium, 19 large conference rooms, 140 classrooms, 6,000 dormitory rooms, scientific laboratories, a student center, concert hall, theater, two museums, library, gymnasium, swimming pool, police station, post office, laundry, hair salon, several cafeterias, a bank, and a number of retail shops. Housed within the structure are the university administration and four of the main faculties (Mechanics and Mathematics, Geology, Geography, and Fine and Performing Arts). Other faculties are located in the Old Building (near the Kremlin), and newer structures nearby.

Moscow State University is an iconic building in Russia, as well-known there as the Empire State Building is in the United States. It was the tallest building in the world outside of New York City when finished, and the seventh-tallest building in the world. It was not surpassed in height by a non-North American building until the KLI 63 Building in Seoul, Korea, was completed in 1985. It remained the tallest building in Europe until 1988 when the 63-story Messeturm tower was completed in Frankfurt, Germany, and it remained the tallest building in Russia until the 57-story Triumph-Palace was finished in 2003.

Two museums exist in the structure, the Museum of Earth Sciences and the Museum of Agronomy.

A statue of a male and female student (by Vera Muchina) adorn the main entrance, and a statue of Mikhail V. Lomonosov (by Nikolai Tomski) stands in the main courtyard.

A shot of an interior courtyard in one of the wings.

A shot of one of the large lecture halls.

A shot of one of the corridors, all of which are lined with marble.

Moscow State University's main entrance faces northeast.

A shot of one of the gymnasiums in the structure.

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